James D. Rice, “War and Politics: Powhatan Expansionism and the Problem of Native American Warfare” WMQ 77, NO. 1 (JANUARY 2020): 3-32
Figure I

This map of Tsenacommacah and its neighbors traces a narrative of expansion from the six tributary chiefdoms inherited by the paramount chief Powhatan (in Roman type) to those added to Tsenacommacah during his rule (in bold type). Other nations (in italics) had reason to fear that they too would soon be incorporated into the paramount chiefdom. Adapted by Rebecca Wrenn from Indigenous Communities in the Chesapeake Tidewater, 1607–1619, in James D. Rice, “‘These Doubtfull Times, between Us and the Indians’: Indigenous Politics and the Jamestown Colony in 1619,” in Virginia 1619: Slavery and Freedom in the Making of English America, ed. Paul Musselwhite, Peter C. Mancall, and James Horn (Williamsburg, Va., and Chapel Hill, N.C., 2019), 218.