Anne Ruderman, “Intra-European Trade in Atlantic Africa and the African Atlantic,” WMQ 77, no. 2 (April 2020): 211–44.

FIGURE I

The extent of the transatlantic slave trade on the West and West Central African coasts. Drawn by Rebecca Wrenn. Thanks to David Eltis, Emory University, and Mark Heller, Wentworth Institute of Technology, for supplying geocodes used to help create the map; see also Eltis and David Richardson, Atlas of the Transatlantic Slave Trade (New Haven, Conn., 2010).

FIGURE II

Multiple sites of trade in the Bight of Benin. Drawn by Rebecca Wrenn. Thanks to David Eltis, Emory University, and Mark Heller, Wentworth Institute of Technology, for supplying geocodes used to help create the map; see also Eltis and David Richardson, Atlas of the Transatlantic Slave Trade (New Haven, Conn., 2010).