Omohundro Institute of Early American History & Culture

Leading Early American Scholarship Since 1943


William and Mary Quarterly

Third Series, Volume LVI
January 1999

Digital Projects

“Growth and the Standard of Living in a Pioneer Economy”

By Frank D. Lewis and M. C. Urquhart.

1846

Farm Assessments: 1846
District Imp Acres Horses Oxen Milk Cows Steer
1 95598. 7786. 525. 13183. 2577.
2 24799. 1530. 305. 2912. 619.
3 131731. 6484. 3073. 14133. 3781.
4 156136. 6044. 4448. 14432. 4664.
5 318549. 15544. 6328. 27464. 6497.
6 259041. 8850. 8271. 19310. 5916.
7 401445. 16395. 11177. 31486. 9631.
8 411814. 13971. 11902. 28842. 10436.
9 158071. 8424. 2583. 13426. 3811.
10 386094. 14467. 15533. 34987. 12623.
11 100401. 5829. 4826. 11114. 4660.
TOTAL 2443679. 105324. 68971. 211289. 65215.

Value of Farm Output–Dollars: 1846
District Wheat Livestock Products Field Crops Cost of Feed Net Income
1 95503. 380919. 305157. 319098. 462482.
2 19521. 80946. 78502. 66501. 112467.
3 106068. 399807. 350448. 322816. 533506.
4 138965. 450260. 443047. 352907. 679365.
5 186838. 892263. 800737. 737710. 1142126.
6 433586. 672538. 576731. 533604. 1149249.
7 840870. 1184215. 990703. 934811. 2080975.
8 774182. 1023334. 942013. 817651. 1921875.
9 283259. 453520. 346287. 376621. 706445.
10 663537. 1275413. 918578. 984768. 1872760.
11 155260. 425613. 279662. 341369. 519166.
TOTAL 3697587. 7238825. 6031858. 5787853. 11180414.

Farm Capital–Dollars: 1846
District Land Livestock Total
1 1194975. 879589. 2074563.
2 309988. 184309. 494297.
3 1646637. 894502. 2541138.
4 1951700. 949158. 2900857.
5 3981862. 1978827. 5960689.
6 3238012. 1393541. 4631553.
7 5018062. 2400361. 7418423.
8 5147675. 2151778. 7299453.
9 1975887. 1009088. 2984975.
10 4826175. 2539966. 7366141.
11 1255012. 888318. 2143329.
TOTAL 30545936. 15269434. 45815360.