Omohundro Institute of Early American History & Culture

Leading Early American Scholarship Since 1943


William and Mary Quarterly

Third Series, Volume LVI
January 1999

Digital Projects

“Growth and the Standard of Living in a Pioneer Economy”

By Frank D. Lewis and M. C. Urquhart.

1841

Farm Assessments: 1841
District Imp Acres Horses Oxen Milk Cows Steer
1 83839. 6774. 613. 11515. 2506.
2 26166. 1532. 644.  2964. 743.
3 118922. 6105. 3363. 12919. 4175.
4 91103. 3442. 3813. 8779. 2910.
5 249400. 12152. 4194. 21622. 6758.
6 169017. 5903. 6216. 14848. 5543.
7 294246. 11187. 8066. 25276. 8871.
8 270060. 9541. 8496. 21280. 9207.
9 143200. 7684. 3218. 12348. 4437.
10 229893. 8829. 10141. 21985. 9976.
11 58606. 3596. 2602. 6754. 2449.
TOTAL 1734452. 76745. 51366. 160290. 57575.

Value of Farm Output–Dollars: 1841
District Wheat Livestock Products Field Crops Cost of Feed Net Income
1 74096. 335266. 275034. 280380. 404015.
2 18222. 84264. 84636. 70747.  116375.
3 84711. 372964. 325016. 305328. 477364.
4 71733. 277615. 264487. 221447. 392388.
5 129409. 713822. 644649. 575783. 912098.
6 250275. 524942. 394836. 395650. 774402.
7 545248. 957515. 765084. 710074. 1557771.
8 449141. 766679. 649362. 590888. 1274293.
9 227016. 427181. 331585. 355721. 630060.
10 349525. 819401. 574125. 622998. 1120052.
11 80176. 254550. 170284. 204243. 300768.
TOTAL 2279549. 5534194. 4479095. 4333254. 7959582

Farm Capital–Dollars: 1841
District Land Livestock Total
1 1047988. 773560. 1821547.
2 327075. 195543. 522618.
3 1486525. 849552. 2336077.
4 1138787. 591687. 1730473.
5 3117500. 1553915. 4671415.
6 2112712. 1029498. 3142209.
7 3678075. 1808287. 5486362.
8 3375750. 1555894. 4931644.
9 1790000. 955905. 2745905.
10 2873662. 1615056. 4488718.
11 732575. 530307. 1262881.
TOTAL 21680608. 11459201. 33139808.