Omohundro Institute of Early American History & Culture

Leading Early American Scholarship Since 1943


William and Mary Quarterly

Third Series, Volume LVI
January 1999

Digital Projects

“Growth and the Standard of Living in a Pioneer Economy”

By Frank D. Lewis and M. C. Urquhart.

1836

Farm Assessments: 1836
District Imp Acres Horses Oxen Milk Cows Steer
1 74693. 5591. 1175. 10121. 2490.
2 18599. 869. 882. 2251. 717.
3 90892. 4294. 3566. 9964. 3946.
4 62382. 1902. 3386. 6783. 2351.
5 201526. 9293. 4698. 17685. 5736.
6 115788. 3705. 4827. 9581. 3712.
7 209009. 8077. 7959. 18360. 6364.
8 180931. 6206. 7689. 14948. 6530.
9 124084. 6572. 4294. 10535. 3908.
10 162416. 5828. 8146. 15688. 6940.
11 43389. 2727. 2316. 5108. 2012.
TOTAL 1283709. 55064. 48938. 121024. 44706.

Value of Farm Output–Dollars: 1836
District Wheat Livestock Products Field Crops Cost of Feed Net Income
1 83899. 298845. 231305. 246959. 367090.
2 16461. 66363. 57491. 52762. 87553.
3 82287. 296392. 234678. 239444. 373913.
4 62427. 216583. 172601. 162383. 289228.
5 132901. 589141. 491125. 472416. 740750.
6 217911. 342146. 244098. 261697. 542458.
7 492240. 700777. 485981. 534995. 1144001.
8 382440. 543914. 391039. 423174. 894219.
9 250009. 369834. 255127. 319023. 555948.
10 313841. 585792. 365711. 444651. 820692.
11 75441. 194816. 115237. 158353. 227141.
TOTAL 2109857. 4204602. 3044388. 3315853. 6042991.

Farm Capital–Dollars: 1836
District Land Livestock Total
1 933663. 678306.  1611968.
2 232488. 143277. 375764.
3 1136150. 664060. 1800209.
4 779775. 426534.  1206309.
5 2519075. 1267705.  3786780.
6 1447350. 679687.  2127036.
7 2612612. 1360203. 3972815.
8 2261637. 1107208. 3368845.
9 1551050. 855095.  2406144.
10 2030200. 1145713. 3175913.
11 542363. 411753. 954116.
TOTAL 16046361. 8739538. 24785872.