Omohundro Institute of Early American History & Culture

Leading Early American Scholarship Since 1943


William and Mary Quarterly

Third Series, Volume LVI
January 1999

Digital Projects

“Growth and the Standard of Living in a Pioneer Economy”

By Frank D. Lewis and M. C. Urquhart.

1831

Farm Assessments: 1831
District Imp Acres Horses Oxen Milk Cows Steer
1 65463. 4158. 1277. 8664. 2272.
2 11403. 429. 580. 1428. 458.
3 65784. 2904. 3301. 7599. 2999.
4 40534. 956. 2940. 4974. 1835.
5 145249. 6375. 4263. 13661. 4828.
6 62622. 1796. 3204. 5884. 2715.
7 107874. 4054. 4986. 10943. 4753.
8 100358. 3522. 4594. 9607. 4365.
9 94926. 4322. 3485. 7961. 4231.
10 95103. 3019. 5584. 9878. 4887.
11 29100. 1893. 1917. 3774. 1819.
TOTAL 818416. 33428. 36131. 84373. 35162.

Value of Farm Output–Dollars: 1831
District Wheat Livestock Products Field Crops Cost of Feed Net Income
1 88899. 257749. 190929. 203413. 334164.
2 12202. 42183. 33643. 31543. 56485.
3 72003. 227594. 160107. 181725. 277979.
4 49041. 161026. 106733. 116106. 200693.
5 115807. 460157. 332934. 358009. 550889.
6 142484. 214395. 118024. 155748. 319155.
7 307152. 426294. 221745. 310334. 644856.
8 256465. 349981. 192968. 260894. 538521.
9 231234. 290708. 171032. 235333. 457640.
10 222177. 374401. 191238. 274300. 513517.
11 61171. 147265. 70165. 117686. 160915.
TOTAL 1558634. 2951751. 1789514. 2245089. 4054811

Farm Capital–Dollars: 1831
District Land Livestock Total
1 818288. 553676. 1371963.
142538. 84574. 227112.
3 822300. 499506. 1321806.
4 506675. 300510. 807185.
5 1815612. 954241. 2769853.
6 782775. 401547. 1184322.
7 1348425. 785482. 2133907.
8 1254475. 679143. 1933618.
9 1186575. 631189. 1817764.
10 1188787. 702090. 1890877.
11 363750. 306328. 670078.
TOTAL 10230199. 5898285. 16128483.