Omohundro Institute of Early American History & Culture

Leading Early American Scholarship Since 1943


William and Mary Quarterly

Third Series, Volume LVIII
January 2001

Transcription Digital Projects

“The Chesapeake Slave Trade: Regional Patterns, African Origins, and Some Implications.”

By Lorena S. Walsh.

Table A1: Coastal Origins of Africans Imported into the Chesapeake, 1698–1774

Supplement Contents

Years Total Total African Region of Origin Total Percent
  African Slaves Known Origin Senegambia Sierra Leone Windward & Gold Coast Bight of Benin Bight of Biafra West-central Africa Madagascar With Known Origin
YORK NAVAL DISTRICT
1698-1703 1,481 209 0% 0% 0% 0% 56% 44% 0% 100% 14%
1704-1718 3,951 1,752 0% 5% 23% 14% 58% 0% 0% 100% 44%
1719-1730 10,849 8,239 4% 1% 16% 0% 62% 8% 9% 100% 76%
1731-1745 11,362 6,563 7% 0% 4% 0% 47% 42% 0% 100% 58%
1746-1760 3,709 3,308 13% 0% 15% 0% 44% 28% 0% 100% 89%
1761-1774 255 191 19% 0% 81% 0% 0% 0% 0% 100% 75%
Total 31,607 20,262 6% 1% 13% 1% 53% 22% 4% 100% 64%
UPPER JAMES NAVAL DISTRICT
1704-1718 92 42 0% 100% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 100% 46%
1731-1745 3,217 1,537 51% 0% 0% 0% 49% 0% 0% 100% 48%
1746-1760 5,408 4,899 6% 9% 7% 0% 65% 13% 0% 100% 91%
1761-1774 6,622 5,652 13% 0% 26% 6% 19% 36% 0% 100% 85%
Total 15,339 12,130 15% 4% 15% 3% 41% 22% 0% 100% 79%
SOUTH POTOMAC NAVAL DISTRICT
1704-1718 105 0 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
1731-1745 1,169 566 88% 0% 0% 0% 0% 12% 0% 100% 48%
1746-1760 277 277 29% 0% 0% 0% 71% 0% 0% 100% 100%
1761-1774 143 143 100% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 100% 100%
Total 1,694 986 73% 0% 0% 0% 20% 7% 0% 100% 58%
RAPPAHANNOCK NAVAL DISTRICT 
1704-1718 813 813 75% 0% 0% 0% 25% 0% 0% 100% 100%
1719-1730 2,743 1,470 0% 0% 10% 0% 58% 0% 32% 100% 54%
1731-1745 3,157 1,169 89% 0% 0% 0% 11% 0% 0% 100% 37%
1746-1760 957 821 35% 24% 0% 0% 0% 41% 0% 100% 86%
1761-1774 2,052 1,835 24% 22% 32% 10% 6% 7% 0% 101% 89%
Total 9,722 6,108 39% 10% 12% 3% 21% 8% 8% 101% 63%
LOWER JAMES NAVAL DISTRICT
1704-1718 157 0 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
1719-1730 94 0 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
1731-1745 465 266 40% 0% 0% 0% 60% 0% 0% 100% 57%
1746-1760 356 184 100% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 100% 52%
1761-1774 264 73 18% 0% 82% 0% 0% 0% 0% 100% 28%
Total 1,336 523 58% 0% 11% 0% 31% 0% 0% 100% 39%
VIRGINIA, DISTRICT UNKNOWN
1698-1703 181 181 0% 0% 0% 0% 100% 0% 0% 100% 100%
1704-1718 4,537 1,948 24% 0% 6% 0% 70% 0% 0% 100% 43%
1719-1730 203 203 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 100% 0% 100% 100%
1731-1745 140 0 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
1746-1760 1,189 951 0% 0% 13% 34% 53% 0% 100% 80%
1761-1774 427 337 0% 0% 26% 0% 74% 0% 0% 100% 79%
Total 6,677 3,620 13% 0% 9% 59% 19% 0% 100% 54%
MARYLAND
1698-1703 2,117 0 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
1704-1718 2,055 843 31% 13% 33% 0% 24% 0% 0% 101% 41%
1719-1730 481 281 0% 43% 57% 0% 0% 0% 0% 100% 58%
1731-1745 957 567 54% 0% 0% 0% 0% 46% 0% 100% 59%
1746-1760 2,368 2,185 16% 0% 23% 0% 11% 51% 0% 101% 92%
1761-1773 2,335 2,072 55% 0% 24% 0% 5% 15% 0% 99% 88%
Total 10,313 5,948 35% 4% 24% 0% 9% 28% 0% 100% 57%
Sources: See the appendix. *= less than 1%