Omohundro Institute of Early American History & Culture

Leading Early American Scholarship Since 1943

Fourth Annual Conference

June 5–7, 1998 • Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, Massachusetts

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Saturday, June 6, 1998

8:30–10:30 a.m. Session 8 (Kinnicutt Hall)
Turning Points in the History of Slavery

Chair: Robert Hall, Northeastern University

“Seek not to keep the commons of England in slavery”: English Conceptions of Slavery and Early Colonial Settlement
Michael J. Guasco, College of William and Mary

Radical Revolution? Slavery and the “Intellectual Blockade” of Charleston, South Carolina, 1783–1800
Stan Deaton, University of Florida

The Transition of West Indian Slavery during the Era of Decline: Evidence from Jamaica
David Beck Ryden, University of Minnesota

Comment: Robert Hall

  Session 9 (Room 104)
Commerce and Community

Chair: David J. Hancock, University of Michigan

Shaping Intercolonial Networks: Mariners, Merchants, and Coastal Trade
April L. Hatfield, Marquette University

From Goodwives to Deputy Husbands: The Changing Role of Women in Bermuda, 1650–1750
Michael J. Jarvis, College of William and Mary

A Mortification and a Challenge: Jews in the Public Sphere of Colonial Newport, 1677–1822
Holly Snyder, Brandeis University

Comment: David J. Hancock

  Session 10 (Room 105)
New Perspectives on Religious Revivals

Chair: Joseph Conforti, University of Southern Maine

Measuring Religious Revival in Eighteenth-Century Congregational Churches: Some Advances in Historical Research Methods
J. Richard Olivas, University of California, Los Angeles

Piety, Power, and Progress: Changing Historical Narratives in Eighteenth-Century Pennsylvania Quakerism
John Smolenski, University of Pennsylvania

Eli Yarnell the Seer: Revival Prophecy and Witchcraft among the Society of Friends in Western Pennsylvania
Neva Jean Specht, Appalachian State University

Comment: Joseph Conforti

10:30–11:00 Coffee Break • Lounge
11:00 a.m.–1:00 p.m. Session 11 (Kinnicutt Hall)
The Red and the Black: Color Lines and Racial Identities in Eighteenth-Century New England

Chair: Neal Salisbury, Smith College

Red Men, Women, and Children in Chains: Enslaved Indians in Eighteenth-Century New England
Thomas Lewis Doughton, University of Massachusetts, Amherst

“Bastards,” Orphans, and Servants: “Mulatto” and “Mustee” Children in Early Rhode Island
Ruth Wallis Herndon, University of Toledo

Native Americans, Africans, and Mustees in the American Revolutionary Army from Rhode Island
Louis Wilson, Smith College

Comment: Ann Marie Plane, University of California, Santa Barbara

  Session 12 (Room 104)
War and Citizenship in the South

Chair: Ronald Hoffman, Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture

The Virginia Minutemen and Their World: The Politics of Popular Mobilization in Revolutionary Virginia
Michael A. McDonnell, University of Wales

Defenders of Maryland to Defenders of America: Military Service and Identity in the First Maryland Regiment, 1775–1783
Mark Tacyn, University of Maryland

“Vengeance Is Mine”: Southern Blood Feuds in the Aftermath of the American Revolution
Shaton Halevi, University of Haifa

Comment: Ronald Hoffman

  Session 13 (Room 105)
Religion and Deep Change

Chair: Susan Juster, University of Michigan

Family of God, Family of Man: The Practices of Liberal Religion in Early New England
John T. O’Keefe, Harvard University

Universal Signs: The Language of Theology and the Medium of Money in Early America
Mark Valeri, Union Theological Seminary

The Decriminalization of Suicide in Massachusetts, 1660 to 1824: Overthrow of Original Sin
David C. Brown, Yale University

Comment: Susan Juster

  Session 14 (Room 121)
Conflict and Culture in the Early Republic

Chair: John Brooke, Tufts University

“A Great Preponderance of New England Feelings”: Sectional Rhetoric in the New Hampshire Gazette, 1800–1815
Denis A. Kozlov, University of Connecticut

The Tragedy of the Monumental City: Origins and Meanings in the Baltimore Riot of 1812
Richard S. Chew III, College of William and Mary

Not Just ”The Bubble of a Moment”: The First American Agricultural Fairs, 1807–1817
Mark A. Mastromarino, University of Virginia

Comment: John Brooke

1:002:00 Lunch Buffet • Founders Hall, Worcester Polytechnic Institute.
2:004:00 Session 15 (Room 104)
Geographic Representations and Indians

Chair: Alden Vaughan, Emeritus, Columbia University

“They imagined the world to be flat and round . . . and they in the middest”: Cosmology and Early Colonial Contact in the Mid-Atlantic and Chesapeake
Cynthia Van Zandt, University of Connecticut

Empire and Identity: English Maps of North America Promoting British Supremacy, 1763–1783
Stephanie Ann Roper, University of Kansas

Land Marks: How American Indians and Europeans Wrote Their Presence on the Landscape in Eighteenth-Century North America East of the Mississippi
Nancy Shoemaker, University of Wisconsin, Eau Claire

Comment: Susan Danforth, John Carter Brown Library

  Session 16 (Kinnicutt Hall)
Revolutionary Sensibilities

Chair: Fredrika J. Teute, Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture

Pilgrims to Bethlehem: Homosocial and Heterosocial Encounters on the Road out of Eighteenth-Century Philadelphia
Karin A. Wulf, American University

Sentimental Pornography and Sexual Friendship in the Early American Republic
Stephen Shapiro, Universität des Saarlandes

Confidence Man as Sensitive Man: Stephen Burroughs’s Gender Politics
David Waldstreicher, Yale University

Comment: Michael Warner, Rutgers University

  Session 17 (Room 105)
Rural Cosmopolitanism

Chair: Richard D. Brown, University of Connecticut

“Mercenary Preachers”: Popular Religious Culture and Anglican Missionaries’’ Pursuit of Gentility in British America, 1701–1750
Annette Laing, Georgia Southern University

The Rural Enlightenment of Philip Vickers Fithian
John Fea, State University of New York, Stony Brook

Selling “Suitable” Books: Social Hierarchy and Virginia Readers, 1750–1820
David A. Rawson, College of William and Mary

Comment: Richard L. Bushman, Columbia University

  Session 18 (Room 121)
Risk and Disaster

Chair: Daniel Vickers, Memorial University

The English Encounter with Hurricanes in the Seventeenth-Century Caribbean
Michael Mulcahy, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities

A Revoltutionary Continent Revisited: The Great North American Smallpox Epidemic of 1775–1783
Elizabeth A. Fenn, Yale University

Comment: Daniel Vickers

4:004:30 Coffee Break–Lounge
4:306:00 Session 19 (Room 104)
Images and Image-Making in the Early Republic

Chair: Jules D. Prown, Yale University

Salisbury Family Portraits
Laura K. Mills, Worcester Art Museum

Imagery and the Preservation of History: The Portrait Collection of William Bentley
Lauren Hewes, Print Council of America

Comment:  Margaretta Lovell, University of California, Berkeley

  Session 20 (Kinnicutt Hall)
The Secrets of Puritanism

Chair: Jane Kamensky, Brandeis University

John Winthrop, Jr., Occult Religion, and “The Howse of God”: New Light on the Antinomian Controversy
David R. Como, Princeton University

“Extraordinary Knowledge in the Deep Mysteries”: Alchemical Medicine, Magic, and Authority over Healing in Seventeenth-Century New England
Walter A. Woodward, University of Connecticut

Comment: Jane Kamensky

  Session 21 (Room 105)
Colonial Political Culture

Chair: Richard R. Johnson, University of Washington

The Janus Face of Colonial Government
Christine Desan, Harvard University

The Fall of Jonathan Belcher and the Misconstruction of Imperial Governance
Stephen Foster, Northern Illinois University

Comment: Steven C. Bullock, Worcester Polytechnic Institute

6:007:30 Reception • Worcester Art Museum, Lancaster Street entrance